The Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority (NCAA) is a protected area, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site found 180 km (110 mi) west of Arusha in the Crater Highlands area of Tanzania. The area is called after Ngorongoro Crater, a large volcanic caldera within the area and frequently called the Seven Wonders of the World.
That Makes Ngorongoro Crater to be a largest unbroken caldera in the world and is also one of the only places in Africa to the sighting of the “big five” such as rhino, lion, cheetah, leopard and elephant on a single game viewing. Another animal found in the Crater is Cape buffalo, hippopotamus, wildebeest, Grant’s zebra, comm
on eland, Grant’s, Thomson’s gazelles, Waterbucks, topis, oribisus), crocodiles, Impala, Giraffe and East African wild dog.
Land in the Ngorongoro conservation area is multi-use and unique because it is only the conservation area that is in Tanzania protects wildlife although allowing human habitation with their livestock animal. The land use is regulated to prevent negative impacts on the wildlife population. For example, farming is prohibited at all but subsistence levels. Maasai is now permitted to graze their cattle within the crater, but must enter and exit daily.
Walking safari is authorized in Ngorongoro Conservation Area to accompany with the Conservation Ranger but not permitted on the Crater floor. The Ngorongoro Conservation is also protecting Olduvai Gorge, located in the lowlands area of the conservation. It is known to be the seat of humanity after the identification of the beginning known specimens of the human species, Homo habilis as well as early Hominidae, such as Paranthropus boisei. Excavation work there was discovered by Mary and Louis Leakey in the 1950s and is continued today by their family.